The energy transition will require a rapid deployment of renewable energy and electric vehicles where other transit modes are unavailable. EV batteries could complement renewable generation by providing short-term grid services.
The journal Nature has publish the peer-reviewed study by a team of Dutch and US researchers which shows that EV batteries alone could be used to satisfy short-term grid storage demand across most regions by as early as 2030.
Researchers from the Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, in the Netherlands, and the US Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), estimate that low participation rates for vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology of just 12% to 43% are required.
However, estimating the market opportunity requires an understanding of many socio-technical parameters and constraints.
Their report “Electric vehicle batteries alone could satisfy short-term grid storage demand by as early as 2030”, was published online at Nature Communications.